Untapped tourism sector key to meeting SA economic challenges
The local tourism industry is producing a sizeable, positive contribution to South Africa’s GDP – forecast to grow from 9.5% contribution to national GDP in 2015, to 10.5% of national GDP by 2025.
Roelofse says that tourism is similar to an export company as it largely operates with foreign currencies. “The weakened rand is favourable for local businesses within the tourism sector as it makes South Africa an even more attractive holiday destination for those with foreign currency. Similarly, the weaker rand also means more South Africans are opting to travel locally as international holidays become increasingly more expensive.”
“Despite the ups and downs that the local economy has experienced over the years, the tourism sector continues to offer stable business conditions for small business, especially now, as tourism figures continue to increase year-on-year.” Roelofse points to PwC’s Study in Hotels outlook for 2016-2020 which reports that international visitor numbers were up by 16% for the period January – April 2016.
He explains that in South Africa, the local tourism industry offers a vast array of micro-sectors – from large-scale tour operators, to smaller guest houses, adventure-sports, nature and conservation, to student and medical tourism. “There’s an opportunity for just about any idea within the industry, coupled with the advantage of not being affected by an over-saturation of similar-type businesses, when compared to other sectors.
“Not only does this market offer huge growth potential for entrepreneurs, but also for job creation which is the country’s vital need. Statistics SA reports that in 2014, 4.5% of the total workforce of South Africa was directly involved in the tourism industry.”
While opportunities exist, Roelofse says it can be challenging for entrepreneurs to enter the market as the industry can be infrastructure intensive, depending on the business, and this can put strain on cash flow given a 50% own contribution is required for such financing. “Access to funding is a challenge as a tourism business could require a specialised type of funding. Red tape in local Government with regards to permits and licencing, for example, can also be a hindrance in starting and growing a business in the sector.
“Whilst there may be some barriers to entry for entrepreneurs looking to venture into this particular sector, entrepreneurs should not shy away from the opportunity given the expected growth potential.”
Roelofse concludes: “It is crucial that that businesses operating with the sector do not become complacent given the expected surge in travellers to the country. Business owners should continue to maintain excellent levels of customer service and experience, which, in the tourism business, must match up to the highest international standards.